do anything about it. In some cases, especially when the cataplexy carries on for a long time, the patient can start to hallucinate.
Cataplexy is thought to be brought on during times of extra emotional states. These states can be either good states, brought on by the patient being very happy, or from a bad state where the patient is either stressed or upset.
3) Wild hallucinations
Can occur during the onset of sleep and during waking.
4) Sleep Paralysis
This can occur at the beginning and end of sleep. It was first described in the 19th Century. The patient feels very afraid and can’t move. The feeling is described commonly as if some person or creature is sitting on them holding them down.
What causes Narcolepsy?
There is a great deal of debate with regards to what causes Narcolepsy. At this time, there isn’t a definitive answer.
What is generally believed though is that the brains normal pattern during sleep is that during the first hour, the brains electrical activity reduces. After this hour, the electrical activity starts to increase again. This is accompanied by rapid eye movements (REM) and deep relaxation of your muscles. After a while, the brain electrical activity starts to slow down again. This cycle repeats itself a number of times throughout sleep.
Some investigation has shown that a person suffering from Narcolepsy doesn’t follow this same pattern, or rather; the initial slowing of the brains electrical activity is a lot quicker than in a non-narcoleptic.
This sleep cycle is controlled by neurones within the brain. For narcoleptics, it has been noted that the hormone Hypocretin is a lot lower than in people who don’t suffer from Narcole
psy. Hypocretin it is believed controls the neurones which in turn control the brains activity during sleep.
As mentioned earlier, this is widely accepted however, there are still many questions which haven’t been answered as to the cause of Narcolepsy.
What is the treatment for Narcolepsy?
As we’re not exactly sure what causes Narcolepsy, there are a few treatments which have proven to be effective.
Clinical trials have shown that short day time naps can help to reduce the excessive daytime sleepiness. What is also important is that the sufferer of Narcolepsy, has a strict bedtime regime. This is so that the patient gets the recommended daily amount of sleep that is required.
With regards to the drugs which may help, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness is helped by taking Amphetamine Stimulants. However, it must be remembered that these types of drugs do have some quite severe side effects which may in some cases cause more suffering and possibly damage than the Narcolepsy itself.
For the patients who suffer from Cataplexy, it has been found that a number of anti-depressant drugs can help to relieve the sufferer. Again, there can be side effects to these drugs.
Narcolepsy can be quite a problem for a number of people, for others, it is merely inconvenient and a bit embarrassing at times. Unfortunately, we don’t know exactly what causes Narcolepsy and we don’t have a cure for it either. Hopefully one day, we will be able know what causes Narcolepsy and possibly we will be able to administer a cure. Until then, there are ways of minimising the problem that Narcolepsy can bring to a sufferer either from self – help or from various drugs which have shown to be effective.
Marijuana use could explain excessive daytime sleepiness in some teens (Medical News Today)
Researchers identified marijuana in the urine of adolescents who had testfindings consistent with narcolepsy, suggesting the drug could be linked toexcessive daytime sleepiness….
Marijuana use is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents (Science Daily)
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Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome, known as RLS, is a slumber dysfunction that afflicts additional than 15 percent of grown ups.
It influences a lot more women of all ages than adult men and the incidence of restless leg syndrome will increase with age. Specified health care conditions, these as diabetes, arthritis and varicose veins, also enhance the threat of acquiring restless leg syndrome.
This sleep disorder is characterised by an uncontrollable urge to shift the reduced legs, knees and at times the arms. In some cases painful sensations accompany the urge to go. People today that put up with from this rest ailment explain the feelings and sensations in unique methods. Many describe a tingling, itching or pulling feeling. Continue to many others say it feels prickly or burns. Some sense as if they have worms crawling underneath their skin.
The sensations which are common of this slumber condition can happen anytime through the day or evening.
Restless leg syndrome happening at evening has a devastating impact on snooze. The symptoms can induce the sufferer to get in and out of bed continuously which can delay or disrupt snooze. Considering that rest in consistently interrupted, excessive daytime sleepiness is popular.
The blend of often emotion drained and the signs and symptoms them selves can bring about a particular person with restless leg syndrome to alter their life-style. Extensive journeys, films, concerts and taking in in dining places are some of the functions they usually stay away from. Attending a long meeting at perform can turn out to be really unpleasant and unpleasant. Individuals that have this rest dysfunction frequently put up with from despair.
Scientists imagine that restless leg syndrome might be brought on by malfunctions of the pathways in the mind that controls motion reflexes and sensations. Normally this rest ailment has a genetic base.
Restless leg syndrome cannot be diagnosed by one solitary check. Usually conventional neurological exams demonstrate no indications of an abnormality. In quite a few conditions, a doctor would make the prognosis of restless leg syndrome centered on the description of the indications. They also take into account spouse and children background, and the final results of a regimen healthcare evaluation and blood exams.
Numerous situations the remedy for restless leg syndrome is aimed at controlling the debilitating sensations that accompany this slumber co
ndition. Normally iron health supplements are recommended mainly because extreme anemia has been connected to this ailment. Relaxation tactics, diet regime improvements and the elimination of caffeine and alcoholic beverages aid some sufferers of restless leg syndrome.
In most situations, this sleep dysfunction is taken care of with medicine. These medicine could incorporate dopamine brokers, benzodiazepines, opioids or anticonvulsants. Medicines do not remedy restless leg syndrome, but they take care of the signs. Individuals that undergo from this rest disorder typically have to continue to be on their medicines for the rest of their life.
One more rest disorder related to restless leg syndrome is periodic limb movement problem acknowledged as PLMD. There are two principal discrepancies between restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movement ailment. Restless leg syndrome happens when the sufferer is awake or asleep periodic limb motion dysfunction only happens when the sufferer is asleep. Restless leg syndrome actions are voluntary responses to extremely disagreeable sensations the actions of periodic limb motion dysfunction are involuntary and are not consciously managed. Each of these slumber disorders can be efficiently managed with medical therapy.
Links among Stress, Change Work, and Serotonin Stages
The 21st Century is finest characterised by the introduction of ultra-contemporary technology, world commercial and organization, and the unstoppable want to get and stay in advance. Mainly because of these things, small business businesses contend in a globe in which the financial system is energetic 24 hours a day, 7 times a 7 days. This phenomenon developed a desire for employees that would work even throughout the night time upto the wee hrs of the morning. This work plan reversed personnel life-style, generating the day their time to for sleeping. Shifts may possibly disrupt the typical overall body capabilities, hamper sleep cycles, and decrease the body’s serotonin ranges. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is located in the central anxious technique and impacts many features like temper, sleep, sexuality, and urge for food. This neurotransmitter may possibly also advertise cell regeneration.
Research present that non-day change personnel are likely to have lower stages of “feel-good” hormones named serotonin. Scientists at the University of Buenos Aires led by Dr. Carlos J, Pirola analyzed 683 adult males and in comparison 437 day workers to 246 change workers. The outcomes, the change workers’ serotonin amounts, calculated
y way of blood exams were appreciably lower than those on common day schedules. In addition to minimized serotonin levels, change staff were also discovered to have greater cholesterol, hip-to-waist ratios, elevated blood stress, and larger triglyceride ranges.
Because serotonin concentrations administer slumber patterns and other system features, the University of Buenos Aires analyze instructed that shift perform might also lead to a so-called Change Do the job Rest Dysfunction. Folks with this dysfunction tend to stay awake when they need to be sleeping. These people can be quite weary for the duration of waking hours. This dysfunction requires place because of a function plan that takes location through the standard sleep period. For the reason that of this, men and women who have difficulty getting snooze since their bodies are continue to programmed to be awake. The time of becoming asleep and staying awake is distinctive from what the body’s interior clock expects.
Other scientific tests also uncovered out that non-normal and evening shift work may well influence the cardiovascular and metabolic units. These scientific studies propose that there is a probability that shift perform is specifically accountable for superior blood strain and increased system body fat, in accordance the re
searchers of the Buenos Aires review. In addition to the disruption of rest designs, lessened amounts of serotonin are also joined to other disorders like worry, anxiousness, and despair.
Lifestyle variations can direct to enhanced serotonin degrees. To make serotonin amounts regular, slumber patterns should be dependable and meals regimens should involve important natural vitamins and minerals to handle the serotonin stages. Sure medication and substances like caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and antidepressants must be averted since they may perhaps deplete serotonin creation.
People who want to make improvements to their serotonin levels can use medicine to support them in their target. The amino acid 5-HTP can be taken as a complement and boost the body’s capability to manufacture serotonin. Yet another amino acid named L-tryptophan is made use of by the system to create serotonin. Nonetheless, just before having these supplements, patients are encouraged to find the acceptance of medical professionals and other well being gurus. Persons who decide on to perform in the evening really should retain suitable rest to reduce unwell-effects that might create. Healthy lifestyles and healthy foodstuff regimens may well boost serotonin stages and increase one’s high-quality of everyday living.
The Alarming, Long-Term Consequences of Workplace Stress (AtlanticBusinessChannel)
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What is Hypersomnia?
Hypersomnia is characterized by recurrent episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness or prolonged nighttime sleep. Different from feeling tired due to lack of or interrupted sleep at night, persons with hypersomnia are compelled to nap repeatedly during the day, often at inappropriate times such as at work, during a meal, or in conversation. These daytime naps usually provide no relief from symptoms. Patients often have difficulty waking from a long sleep, and may feel disoriented. Other symptoms may include anxiety, increased irritation, decreased energy, restlessness, slow thinking, slow speech, loss of appetite, hallucinations, and memory difficulty. Some patients lose the ability to function in family, social, occupational, or other settings. Hypersomnia may be caused by another sleep disorder (such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea), dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, or drug or alcohol abuse. In some cases it results from a physical problem, such as a tumor, head trauma, or injury to the central nervous system. Certain medications, or medicine withdrawal, may also cause hypersomnia. Medical conditions including multiple sclerosis, depression, encephalitis, epilepsy, or obesity may contribute to the disorder. Some people appear to have a genetic predisposition to hypersomnia; in others, there is no known cause. Typically, hypersomnia is first recognized in adolescence or young adulthood.
Is there any treatment?
Treatment is symptomatic in nature. Stimulants, such as amphetamine, methylphenidate, and modafinil, may be prescribed. Other drugs used to treat hypersomnia include clonidine, levodopa, bromocriptine, antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Changes in behavior (for example avoiding night work and social activities that delay bed time) and diet may offer some relief. Patients should avoid alcohol and caffeine.
What is the prognosis?
The prognosis for persons with hypersomnia depends on the cause of the disorder. While the disorder itself is not life threatening, it can have serious consequences, such as automobile accidents caused by falling asleep while driving. The attacks usually continue indefinitely.
What research is being done?
The NINDS supports and conducts research on sleep disorders such as hypersomnia. The goal of this research is to increase scientific understanding of the condition, find improved methods of diagnosing and treating it, and discover ways to prevent it.
Sleep Breathing Disorders
Circadium Rhythym Disorders
Sleep Movement Disorders