New Screening Tool Can Improve Quality of Life for Epilepsy Patients with Sleep Apnea

Rutgers investigates have developed a tool to help neurologists screen for obstructive sleep apnea( OSA) in parties with epilepsy whose seizures can be magnified by sleep disorders.

The study appears in the journal Neurology Clinical Practice.

Although detection and medicine of OSA can improve seizure power in some patients with epilepsy, providers have not regularly estimated patients for those working determining factor. The investigates developed an electronic health preserve alarm for neurologists to evaluate a patient’s need for a sleep study.

This study can determine the necessity for treatment, which can result in improved convulsion limitation, reduction in antiepileptic drugs and reduce the risk of rapid unpredictable demise in epilepsy.

OSA occurs when breathing is interrupted during sleep. The Epilepsy Foundation estimates that nearly 40% of people living with epilepsy have a higher prevalence of OSA that contributes to good seizure control.

” Sleep conditions are common among those living with epilepsy and are under-diagnosed ,” says lead-in generator Martha A. Mulvey, APN, a nurse clinician at University Hospital’s department of neurosciences, in a liberation.” Sleep and epilepsy have a complex reciprocal relation. Seizures can often be triggered by low-grade oxygen heights that occur during OSA. Sleep deprivation and the interruption of sleep can therefore increase seizure frequency .”

The researchers developed an assessment for identifying OSA consisting of 12 distinguished determining factor, which are embedded in the electronic health chronicle. If a patient has at least two determining factor, they are referred for a sleep analyse. The risk factors include: organization mass indicator greater than 30 kg/ m2; snoring; strangling or gasping in sleep; unexplained nighttime awakes; morning headaches; cool speak, sore throat or chest tightness upon awakening; unwarranted nighttime urination; declined recall and concentration; neck circumference greater than 17 inches; excess daytime sleepiness; undersized or downward dislocation of the jaw; and an assessment of the distance from the tongue cornerstone to the roof of the mouth.

” It was found that sitting this mandatory notify for providers to screen for OSA in the EHR markedly increased the detecting of at-risk epilepsy patients who should be referred for a sleep study ,” says co-author Xue Ming, PhD, MD, prof of neurology at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.” Such screening can be achieved through early sensing and treatment, which will improve the quality of life of patients with epilepsy and OSA .”

In lawsuits that were reviewed prior to the alarm being placed in the electronic state register, only 7% with epilepsy were referred for sleep examines. Of those who were referred, 56% were diagnosed with sleep apnea. Of the 405 patients who were screened for OSA after the alarm was placed under the electronic health register, 33% had at least two risk factors and were referred for a sleep survey. Of the 82 patients who accomplished a sleep contemplate, 87% demo at least slight sleep apnea.

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